AICAR 50mg -10 vial -ADIPOTIDE 50mg 10vial
|AICAR (Acadesine) Spec Sheet|
|Storage Guidelines||AICAR will remain stable at room temperature for up to 90 days. Ideally it should be stored in a freezer at or below -9C. AICAR should be refrigerated after reconstitution.|
AICA-Ribonucleotide (AICAR) AICAR (5-amino-1-β-D-ribofuranosyl-imidazole-4-carboxamide), also known as ZMP, is an analog of AMP that is capable of stimulating AMP-dependent protein kinase activity (AMPK). AICAR is being researched to treat and protect against cardiac ischemic injury. If left untreated, it may lead to a myocardial infarct. Cardiac Ischemia is caused by insufficient blood flow and oxygen to the myocardium. AICAR was first used in the 1980s as a method to preserve blood flow to the heart during surgery.
Currently, AICAR has also been shown as a potential treatment for diabetes by increasing the metabolic activity of tissues by changing the physical composition of muscle. AICAR (commonly under the name Acadesine) is an analog of adenosine that enters cardiac cells to inhibit adenosine kinase and adenosine deaminase. It enhances the rate of nucleotide re-synthesis increasing adenosine generation from adenosine monophosphate only during conditions of myocardial ischemia. In cardiac myocytes, AICA-riboside is phosphorylated to AICA-ribotide (ZMP) to activate AMPK without changing the levels of the nucleotides. ZMP is able to enter the de novo synthesis pathway for adenosine synthesis to inhibit adenosine deaminase causing an increase in ATP levels and adenosine levels.
It has been shown that a brief period of coronary arterial occlusion followed by reperfusion prior to prolonged ischemia is known as preconditioning. It has been shown that this is protective. Preconditioning preceded myocardial infarction, may delay cell death and allow for greater salvage of myocardium through reperfusion therapy.
AICAR has been shown to precondition the heart shortly before or during ischemia.
AICAR triggers a preconditioned anti-inflammatory state by increasing NO production from endothelial nitric oxide synthase.
When AICAR is given 24 hours prior to reperfusion, it prevents post ischemic leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive interactions with increased NO production.
AICAR-dependent preconditioning is also mediated by an ATP-sensitive potassium channel and hemeoxygenase-dependent mechanism. It increases AMPK-dependent recruitment of ATP-sensitive K channels to the sarcolemma causing the action potential duration to shorten, and preventing calcium overload during reperfusion.
The decrease in calcium overload prevents inflammation activation by ROS.
AICAR also increases AMPK-dependent glucose uptake through translocation of GLUT-4 which is beneficial for the heart during post-ischemic reperfusion.
The increase in glucose during AICAR preconditioning lengthens the period for preconditioning up to 2 hours in rabbits and 40 minutes in humans undergoing coronary ligation.
As a result, AICAR reduces the frequency and size of myocardial infarcts up to 25% in humans allowing improved blood flow to the heart. As well, the treatment has been shown to decrease the risk of an early death and improve recovery after surgery from an ischemic injury.
Adipotide 50mg -10vial
Peptide Sequence: H-Cys-Lys-Gly-Gly-Arg-Ala-Lys-Asp-Cys-Gly-Gly-Asp-(Lys-Leu-Ala-Lys-Leu-Ala-Lys)2
|Physical State:||Lyophilized Powder|
|Solubility:||Soluble in water or 1% acetic acid|
|Storage:||Lyophilized peptides although stable at room temperature for 3 months, should be stored desiccated below -18°C. Upon reconstitution of the peptide it should be stored at 4°C between 2-21 days and for future use below -18°C.|
Molar Mass: 2555.22 g/mol
Aditpotide is an experimental weight loss peptidomimetic with the amino acid sequence CKGGRAKDC-GG-D(KLAKLAK)2, which has been developed by researchers in the United States in an effort to fight obesity. Peptidomimetics are small protein-like chains designed to mimic a peptide. The peptide called Adipotide has been developed by U.S. researchers in the fight against the obesity . This experimental treatment has reduced by 11% the weight of the treated monkeys by reducing fatty tissue, the BMI, and waist circumference.
Clinical Research studies have shown that the peptide-like compound, Adipotide, is able to kill fat cells thereby causing a decrease in the volume and mass of the subcutaneous fat, and this in turn leads to weight loss. Adipotide is able to kill the adipocytes (fat cells) by selectively causing programmed cell death (apoptosis) of the blood vessels supplying the adipocytes. Due to the deprivation of nutrient supply, the subsequent starvation (which causes cellular atrophy or decrease in cell size) and the accumulation of waste products in the adipocytes; an irreversible injury occurs and this leads the mitochondria to release protease enzymes called caspases (specific factors that initiate the apoptotic process) which activate the transcription (a process whereby DNA is used to create mRNA) and translation (a process whereby mRNA is used to create the nascent primary peptide) of gene sequences which ultimately leads to the production of proteins that effect the apoptotic process.
Molecular studies have revealed that Adipotide possess a unique stereo-chemical (3D) conformation which enables it to bind to only two receptors in the body: ANXA-2 and prohibitin. These receptors are located on the surface of the endothelium (innermost wall lining) of the blood vessels supplying the white adipocytes, and as such, these receptors confer tissue specificity to adipotide. Formation of white adipocytes only occurs when the extent of energy consumption far exceeds energy utilization, and its (white adipocytes) formation and accumulation in the subcutaneous layer serves as a hallmark of obesity.
Pathological studies have shown that obesity serves a risk factor for a myriad of diseases such as cancer, hypertension, endocrine disorders (such as diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemias and metabolic syndrome), cardiovascular disease (such as stroke and myocardial infarctions) and degenerative diseases (such as osteoarthritis). Moreover, aberrant accumulation of white adipocytes predisposes the affected individual to lipoma and lipomatosis. It is well known that abdominal adiposity is mainly caused by white adipocytes, and this form of adiposity is the most lipolytically active, thus requiring a steady blood supply. Any interference with the blood supply causes it to activate the apoptotic process.
Studies done by Mikhail G Kolonin et al have shown that adipotide has the capabilities of inducing apoptosis of the vascular bed of the white adipocytes in mice, and this resulted in the normalization of metabolic processes.
A related study conducted by Kirstin F. Barnhart et al on monkeys have shown that adipotide induced apoptosis of the vascular bed of the white adipocytes with a resultant weight loss and normalization of insulin function. These studies show that adipotide does cause weight loss by inducing selective apoptosis.
Adipotide and Fat Loss / Weight Loss
Adipotide is an experimental treatment that prevents the blood supply to fat cells. This has helped obese monkeys to lose on average 11% of their body weight in four weeks, perhaps opening the way for therapy in humans, according to a recent research study. The study, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine , shows that body mass index and waist circumference of the rhesus monkeys were reduced.
Buy Adipotide Online
The experimental weight loss agent, “Adipotide” used by researchers at Anderson Center consists of a substance that binds to a protein on the surface of blood vessels nourishing fat cells as well as a synthetic peptide, destroying fat cells, say the authors of the study. These cells are then metabolized by the body that destroys them and excreted. An imaging test also showed a significant reduction in fatty tissue in the bodies of these animals compared to the untreated control group, the researchers suggest the Anderson Center for Research on Cancer , University of Texas (South). ” The obesity as well as smoking is a major risk factor for cancer , “says Dr. Wadih Arap, professor of medicine at the Koch Center part of the University of Texas, a major sponsor of this research.
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A peptide that I purchased recently has less powder in it than others I’ve gotten. Does this mean it doesn’t have the right MG?
Peptides due to their nature come in a variety of sizes and shapes. Normally after the lyophilization process has completed we have a peptide that is in a perfect cake. However there are times when it may break in transit or simply appear differently. This is no way effects the quality or potency of the product. It is simply an aesthetic issue. While we do try to always present a product that looks perfect, on occasion this isn’t possible. Proteins such as LR3 are very large in size and due to the requirement of a buffer will appear larger in size than a mod grf or ghrp. This is also normal.
If A Peptide Is 98% In Purity Then What Is The Remaining 2%?
The purity level indicated on a COA is simply a measurement of aminos that made it into the proper chain to form the peptide. The left over 2% are simply aminos that, for what ever reason, didn’t make it into the proper sequence.
What Are The Purity Levels Of The Peptides You Sell?
AP PEPTIDE will never sell a peptide that is less than 98% in purity from our catalog section. Many of our smaller peptide chains are well into the 99% purity range. We have manufacturing abilities that are quite often beyond the scope of smaller companies and therefore are able to achieve very high purity levels. Proteins such as IGF-1 LR3 are always receptor grade and always above 95% purity.
Two Vials Of The Same Peptide Have Different Amounts Of Powder. Does This Mean They Are Different In Milligrams?
Peptides, due to their nature, come in a variety of sizes and shapes. Normally after the lyophilization process has completed we have a peptide that is in a perfect cake. However there are times when it may break in transit or simply appear differently. This in no way effects the quality or potency of the product. It is simply an aesthetic issue. While we do try to always present a product that looks perfect, on occasion this isn’t possible.
Proteins are very large in size and due to the requirement of a buffer will appear larger in size than a mod grf or ghrp. This is also normal.
What Are Your Products Used For?
Peptides and Research serums are manufactured and sold to be used in a laboratory research setting. None of our products are intended for, nor are they manufactured for, diagnostic or therapeutic purposes in humans. Strong Peptide reserves the right to require additional verification of proper intent prior to fulfilling orders. Any orders that we feel aren’t for the specific intended purpose laid out in our Terms and Conditions will be denied. Truthfully, if you are asking this question then you shouldn’t be ordering from AP PEPTIDES.